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When Was Prostitution Legalized in New Zealand

When Was Prostitution Legalized in New Zealand

by: cFadmin

A private member`s bill, the Manukau City Council (Control of Street Prostitution) Bill 2005, led to hearings before a special committee, but failed on 11 October 2006 in second parliamentary reading (46-73)[48] following a report by the special committee which stated: “Initiatives supported by the local community, Sex workers and their advocates, outreach workers, social services and police are more effective and appropriate. Use of resources as a proposed legal solution. [49] In 2009, a government review of the situation was conducted[50] and concluded that no further specific legislation was required. This has led to dissatisfaction from critics of the legislation. Councillor Quax said the review was very disappointing: “It ignores the fact that anti-social behaviour such as harassment and bullying has worsened since the passage of the law decriminalizing prostitution. [51] However, doubts were expressed about the bill`s ability to address the issues, illustrating the broader debate on ways to combat street prostitution. Police said banning street prostitution in one area is likely to move sex workers to another area. There is concern that with the prohibition of street prostitution in some areas, sex workers will be forced to move to inherently more dangerous areas, putting additional pressure on police resources. Other laws, such as the Summary Offences Act, 1981 and the Bedding Act, 1979, could also be better tailored to community concerns.

[81] The bill has attracted interest from other local councils, such as Christchurch. [82] In this case, in May 2012, Council unanimously decided to hold consultations on a bill limiting the location of brothels and controlling the display of commercial sexual services. [83] In 2000, a personal vote at first reading of the bill was adopted by a vote of 87 to 21. [33] Out of 221 submissions to the Judicial and Election Committee, approximately 41% supported the bill in general, 56% opposed it in general, and 3% were neutral. [34] The 2002 report of the Judiciary and Elections Committee recommended by a majority that the bill be passed with amendments. [35] The report was followed by the second reading, during which a personal vote was adopted by 66 votes to 52. [36] Significant amendments were made to the bill when it was passed by Parliament. For example, a certification system for brothel operators was included, as well as provisions prohibiting persons holding a restricted entry visa from working or investing in prostitution businesses. Part IV, which established the Prostitution Law Review Committee (the Committee) and the legal review, was also included. [37] A personal vote in 2003 to have the bill read a third time was adopted by 60 votes to 59 with one abstention (for a timetable for the passage of the law, see Table 1). [38] Prohibition of use for prostitution by persons under 18 and 20 years of age.

No person shall provoke, support, facilitate or encourage a person under the age of 18 to provide commercial sexual services to any person. 21. No person shall receive a payment or other reward that he or she knows, or ought reasonably to know, is derived directly or indirectly from commercial sexual services provided by a person under the age of 18. 22. No person shall provide commercial sexual services to persons under 18 years of age or be a client of a person under 18 years of age (1) No person shall enter into a contract or other agreement under which a person under 18 years of age is to provide commercial sexual services to that person or any other person. (2) No person shall receive commercial sexual services from a person under 18 years of age. 23. Any person who contravenes Article 20, Article 21 or Article 22 commits a criminal offence and shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of up to 7 years if convicted of charges.

(2) No person shall violate section 20 by offering legal advice, advice, advice of health or medical services to a person under 18 years of age. 3. No person under 18 years of age shall be prosecuted as a party to an offence committed against or with that person against this Article. The South Auckland town of Manukau has consistently opposed the legislation. Manukau found street prostitution particularly problematic in his area. Manukau City Council`s portfolio manager for community safety, Councillor Dick Quax, was particularly critical. In 2009, he stated that “the involvement of gangs and organized crime in street prostitution has become evident (…) Street prostitution also attracts offensive garbage, disorder, drugs and intimidation,”[45] and: “There are children who go to school on the street with condoms and prostitutes who are always standing. This is dangerous, not only for the workers themselves, but for the rest of the community. We`re tired of it (…) The church has had enough. It`s no fun going out in the morning and having to clean the condoms lying around in your yard and on the fence. Cleaning condoms and needles – it`s just not fair.

[46] Some local governments have attempted to restrict this practice. For example, in 2004, Hamilton City Council passed an ordinance restricting the location of sex work and creating a “licensed brothel area.” This decision was unsuccessfully challenged in the High Court (2006) and the Court of Appeal (2007). [78] Although an earlier bill failed, the Manukau City Council`s bill (regulation of prostitution in specified places) was introduced in 2010. The purpose of this local bill, sponsored by Ross Robertson, is to authorize Manukau City Council to pass by-laws prohibiting prostitution or commercial sexual services in certain public places in the City of Manukau (clause 5(1)). Except within brothels or SOOBs, no person may engage in prostitution or prostitution or receive commercial sexual services or services at any particular place in the district (section 12 (1)). He is currently before the Local Government and Environment Committee, whose report is expected in July 2012. As the various councils covering the Auckland region have been replaced by a single authority, the Auckland Council has issued a supplementary order document with proposed amendments to make it the promoter of the Act and to change the definition of the term “district”. [79] Reported impacts of street prostitution that cause “significant concern” in affected areas include noise, anti-social behaviour, abusive and hazardous waste, advertising in a non-traditional era, aggressive advertising, prostitution of minors, and gang membership. [80] In the late 19th century, tolerance of prostitution declined, with growing concern about the number of street prostitutes and “shabby houses” where prostitutes worked. [10] The Police Offences Act 1884 repealed the Vagrant Act 1866.

[11] “Ordinary prostitutes” who loitered in public places and harassed passengers were liable to a fine of two pounds or imprisonment for up to one month. Those who behave in a “seditious or indecent” manner in public places can be punished with up to three months` imprisonment. [12] All owners of “refreshment stands” that allowed prostitutes to meet and stay there were fined up to ten pounds. [13] In the 1890s, concerns were raised about the participation of young women in the sex industry. [14] The Penal Code of 1893 and the Crimes Act of 1908 sentenced anyone who maintained an “ordinary house for the purpose of prostitution,” as well as their tenants, tenants, or residents, to two years in prison with hard labor. [15] The future of the law was called into question when Manukau City Council ceased to exist at the end of 2010 and was incorporated into Auckland Council. However, the new Auckland City Council approved the bill[59] and, given the municipal restructuring, Auckland had until February 2011 to submit its proposal, with the committee hoping to report back to Parliament in March 2011 to allow for a second reading of the bill. [60] Auckland Council invited the NZPC to submit a submission on February 15, 2011. [61] On January 27, 2011, Council voted 11-7 in favour of a bill in committee on the bill to give it the power to prohibit street prostitution throughout Auckland. [62] Since decriminalization, street prostitution has spiraled out of control, particularly in New Zealand`s largest city, Auckland.

A 200-400 per cent increase in street prostitution has been reported. [30] During parliamentary debates and committees, some women`s rights groups, human rights groups and public health groups have lent their support.