Technological advances, particularly in artificial intelligence, will continue to have a significant impact on the discipline of law in science, in the practice profession and in the courts. While technological predictions are a dangerous game, current trends suggest that the next decade will likely require a greater reliance on data analysis tools to evaluate students, predict court outcomes, and make decisions about defendants before and after sentencing. It is also likely that there will be a wider spread of expert systems offering legal advice and standardised legal documents, although it is less likely that there will be significant technological innovation in this area. There are significant differences between artificial intelligence that reflects doctrinal logic (expert systems) and artificial intelligence based on projections of empirical observations (data analysis). In particular, few lawyers understand the mechanisms by which data analysis generates predictions. The limitations and assumptions inherent in these tools are therefore often misunderstood by those who use them. This essay will explore the limitations of artificial intelligence technologies by examining the ways in which what they produce (for clients, law students, and society) differs from what they replace. Ultimately, if we, as lawyers, want to take advantage of new artificial intelligence technologies and limit the drawbacks, we need to understand what their limitations are, what assumptions are embedded in them and how they could hinder appropriate decision-making in legal practice, jurisprudence and, in particular, in the judiciary. CLCT is also a partner in the Autonomy Through Cyberjustice Technologies (ACT) project, where it participates in working groups to examine whether and how legal and decision-making systems can use AI decision support effectively and responsibly. This six-year research initiative, which begins in 2018, aims to determine the extent to which these systems are already being used in the legal profession and to work towards the creation of a best practice guide to “support reliable results while protecting legal rights and minimizing legal liability.” In 2017, CLCT received a grant from the Silicon Valley Community Foundation (funded by Cisco) to inform and educate members of the advocacy community on legal issues that may arise from the use of technologies such as artificial intelligence, blockchain, the Internet of Things, and data analytics. Since receiving this grant (and its subsequent extension), the CLCT has initiated and developed collaborative international research efforts, including scholarships, innovative law and continuing education courses, international conferences and workshops, student writing competitions, and a podcast on new technologies and law. This special issue of the European Quarterly of Political Attitudes and Mentalities (EQPAM) presents a set of contributions that contribute to the understanding of the increasingly relevant topic of the analysis and engineering of legal requirements in complex socio-technical contexts, with a view to the complex interweaving of the development and implementation of law and technological systems for the provision of public services.
sites.google.com/a/fspub.unibuc.ro/european-quarterly-of-political-attitudes-and-mentalities/ Looking at the second generation of online courts, it would be hard to ignore the recent surge in interest in artificial intelligence (AI) for lawyers and judges. Not a week goes by without news from an “IA lawyer” or a “robot lawyer” surpassing or replacing traditional human lawyers in one legal task or another. Most of the UK`s leading law firms, for example, have signed licensing agreements with AI providers and are optimistic about their investments. I am particularly interested in these claims because I have always been interested in the field – from 1983 to 1986 I did my PhD in AI and Law at Oxford University and have been fascinated by all the relevant developments since then. How are new technologies changing legal practice? With examples and explanations from the UK, US, Canada, Australia and other common law countries, as well as China and Europe, this book explores the opportunities and implications for lawyers as artificial intelligence systems become commonplace in the provision of legal services. It explores what lawyers do in legal practice and where AI will influence this work.